U.S. Wants Control of Patents and Copyrights

Trans-Pacific Partnership
Newstovote - U.S. trying to have more power over patents and proprietary rights, such leaks released by WikiLeaks regarding secret negotiations behind one of the biggest trade agreement in the world.

Whistle Blower Site owned by Julian Assange - WikiLeaks publishes the intellectual property chapter of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement, which is being negotiated among the 12 countries that control 40 percent of the world economy.

Text shows wide disagreement among the negotiators, even though President Barack Obama insisted that the deal was finalized at the end of this year.

In many paragraphs in the document shows, the U.S. is seen pressing for the company to get more space to search for patents in the medical field, a move that could potentially limit the cheaper generic drugs in many areas.

In a note it also appears, most countries disagreed with the United States and supporting the exemption for two decades under the World Trade Organization for patents in specific areas related to public health.

The leak also suggests the U.S. and Japan; trying to limit many states deny patents on the argument that the product does not result in "enhanced efficacy".

Generics leader, India is not part of the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations, stating the reasons for refusing the patent protection, angered large pharmaceutical companies.

Professor Thomas Faunce from the Australian National University says it's important to understand the parts that are not agreed upon.

"There are at least 3-4 examples of cases in which Australia has proposed changes related to public health interests directly opposed by other countries, especially the United States," he said.

Professor Faunce said the documents reveal Australian opposed patent court, and restrictions on generic drugs.

Public Citizen, a Washington advocacy group critical of globalization, alleges that the Trans-Pacific Partnership marks a step backward that will lock the consumer in the price of expensive drugs.

"Intimidation embarrassing the Obama administration on behalf of giant drug companies will only suffering and death in the countries of Asia-Pacific," said Peter Maybarduk, director of Public Citizen's Global access to medicines program, in a statement.
Pharmaceutical companies have traditionally argued that they need the income from their inventions to fund more research on the treatment that could save lives.

In a separate section, the U.S. and Australia marked as opponents of measures to limit the liability of internet service providers regarding copyright infringement occurring over their networks.

Obama argued that the Trans-Pacific Partnership would create U.S. jobs by increasing exports, while ensuring environmental standards and informal sector workers.

A spokeswoman for the U.S. Trade Representative's office declined to comment on the content or authenticity of the documents released by WikiLeaks, saying that negotiations are still in progress.
But these leaks renew fears among Obama's political base, who have complained that the proposal has not been consulted in the negotiations.

Trans-Pacific Partnership manned United States, Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam.

Continuation of the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations scheduled to take place in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States next week.

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